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History


Dragons CrestTHE CREST:

Blazon- On a wreath of the colors, an Imperial Chinese Dragon affronted or scaled and finned Azure incensed and armed Gules.

Imperial Chinese Dragon- Signifies the Regiment's significant participation in the China Relief Expedition during the Boxer Rebellion.

THE SHIELD:

Blazon- Per fess Azure and Argent, two arrows chevron wise point to point counterchanged between in chief a cross pâté of the last and in base a spreading palm Vert debruised by a castle Or.

White Cross Pâté's- Represents the badge of Sykes' regular division of the 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac which the regiment was part of during the battles of Second Manassas, Antietam, and Gettysburg.

Arrows- In later years the 14th Regiment took part in two Indian Campaigns indicated by the two arrows while separate detachments participated in two others signified by the colors blue and white.

Castle- Represents the capture of the walled city of Manila in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War.

Palm- Signifies a Manila Palm and the fighting around the same city in 1899.

Colors- Azure (Dark Blue) and Argent (White) are the colors of the regiment. Dark Blue represents loyalty and the Union uniform, White signifies integrity and purity.

MOTTO: THE RIGHT OF THE LINE

Symbolism: Service in the Civil War is shown by the white cross pâté's, the badge of Sykes' Regular division of the V Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Indian campaigns are indicated by the arrows. The 14th Infantry was at the capture of Manila during the War with Spain, symbolized by the castle, and in the fighting around the same city in 1899 during the Philippine Insurrection, indicated by the palm. The dragon in the crest symbolizes service in the China Relief Expedition. The motto is the much prized remark made by General Meade directing the station of the regiment in the review just after the Civil War.

COMMENT ON REGIMENT MOTTO

The significance of the position on the Right of the Line has two interpretations. Those holding this position as the troops passed before the dignitaries on the review stand enjoyed greater recognition and could bask in the accolades to a greater degree. In battle, though, the right flank's importance took on greater significance, dating from ancient times. '...Often an allied general or a favored subordinate was given command of this unshielded flank. Since the shields were worn on the left arm, the right-flank units had to be the strongest--they could not falter or the rest of the army would expose a shield less flank to the enemy.' - From T.L. Gore's article 'Enemies Without--and Within,' MILITARY HISTORY/August 1989, page 14. Thanks to Bob Clements and Kirk Ramsey for this site.

The History:

Constituted 3 May 1861 in the Regular Army as Company B, 2d Battalion, 14th Infantry

Organized 8 July 1861 at Fort Trumbull, Connecticut

Reorganized and redesignated 30 April 1862 as Company B, 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry

Reorganized and redesignated 21 September 1866 as Company B, 14th Infantry

Consolidated 26 July 1869 with Company A, 45th Infantry, Veteran Reserve Corps (constituted 21 September 1866), and consolidated unit designated as Company B, 14th Infantry

(14th Infantry assigned 27 July 1918 to the 19th Division; relieved 14 February 1919 from assignment to the 19th Division; assigned 10 July 1943 to the 71st Light Division [later redesignated as the 71st Infantry Division]; relieved 1 May 1946 from assignment to the 71st Infantry Division)

Inactivated 1 September 1946 in Germany

Activated 1 October 1948 at Camp Carson, Colorado

(14th Infantry assigned 1 August 1951 to the 25th Infantry Division)

Inactivated 1 February 1957 at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, and relieved from assignment to the 25th Infantry Division

Redesignated 17 May 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2d Battle Group, 14th Infantry (organic elements concurrently constituted)

Battle Group activated 25 May 1957 at Fort Benning, Georgia

Assigned 1 July 1958 to the 1st Infantry Brigade

Inactivated 16 May 1960 at Fort Benning, Georgia

Relieved 25 June 1960 from assignment to the 1st Infantry Brigade

Redesignated 21 June 1963 as the 2d Battalion, 14th Infantry, and assigned to the 25th Infantry Division

Activated 26 August 1963 at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

Inactivated 5 June 1972 at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii

Relieved 17 January 1986 from assignment to the 25th Infantry Division, assigned to the 10th Mountain Division, and activated at Fort Benning, Georgia

Relieved 16 September 2005 from assignment to the 10th Mountain Division, and assigned to the 2d Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division

Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 2d Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment

DECORATIONS

Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered MOGADISHU (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry cited; 13 Sep-3 Oct 1993; DA GO 27, 1994)

Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered EUPHRATES RIVER VALLEY (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment cited; 16 Aug 2006-25 Jun 2007; PO 284-03, USAHRC, 10 Oct 2008)

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered IRAQ 2004-2005 (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry cited; 19 Jun 2004-19 Jun 2005; PO 323-27, USAHRC, 19 Nov 2007)

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered IRAQ 2009-2010 (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment cited; 16 Oct 2009-31 Jul 2010; PO 230-05, USAHRC, 18 Aug 2010)

Army Superior Unit Award, Streamer embroidered 1997 (Company B and Company C, 2d Battalion, 14th Infantry cited; 5 Apr-21 Oct 1997; DA GO 25, 2001)

Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered MUNSAN-NI (14th Infantry cited; 27-30 May 1953; DA GO 19, 1955)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966-1968 (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry cited; Apr 1966-Aug 1968; DA GO 48, 1971)

Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1968-1970 (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry cited; 1 Sep 1968-30 Sep 1970; DA GO 5, 1973)

Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966-1970 (2d Battalion, 14th Infantry cited; 20 Apr 1966-21 Jan 1970; DA GO 51, 1971)

Company D additionally entitled to:

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered AFGHANISTAN APR-DEC 2015 (Company D, 2d Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment cited; 16 Apr-31 Dec 2015; PO 6-1, USAHRC, 6 Jan 2016)