10th Mountain Division Artillery (DIVARTY), plans, prepares, executes and assesses combined arms operations to provide close support and precision strikes for the Division while employing Joint and organic fires and capabilities to achieve distribution effects in support of commander’s operational and tactical objectives.
Like the 10th Mountain Division, the 10th Mountain Division Artillery (DIVARTY) traces its lineage back to Fort Lewis, Washington. The 2nd Battalion (BN), 99th Field Artillery (FA) Regiment (Pack), later redesignated the 98th FA BN (Pack), was activated on 1 June 1940.
The Mountain Training Center (MTC) Artillery was activated at Camp Carson, Colorado on 5 September 1942. There the previously activated 602nd FA BN (Pack) was soon joined by the 98th, 99th, and the 601st FA BNs (Pack). The MTC Artillery and its battalions moved to Camp Hale on 16 November, 1942. By 15 July 1943, with the activation of the 10th Light Division (Alpine) Artillery, the previous battalions were replaced by the 604th, 605th, and 616th FA BNs (Pack) and joined by the 727th Antiaircraft Artillery Machine Gun BN and the 576th Antitank Battery. Training with the 75-mm pack howitzer and a move to Camp Swift, Texas preceded DIVARTY’s reorganization and redesignation as the 10th Mountain Division Artillery on 6 November 1944. In January 1945, DIVARTY arrived in Italy and after a brief reorganization, was ready for combat. Beginning with the assault on Riva Ridge through the battles around Lake Garda, DIVARTY provided lethal fires that contributed to the destruction of five German divisions and the surrender of the German Army in Italy. With the end of WWII DIVARTY was inactivated on 30 November 1945.
On 1 July 1948, the 10th Infantry Division Artillery was reactivated at Fort Riley, Kansas, as a Training Division. While DIVARTY remained unmanned, two of its battalions, the 25th and 35th FA BNs, trained Soldiers in non-combat specialties. On 15 June 1954, DIVARTY was assigned personnel and prepared to rotate to Germany as part of Operation Gyroscope. With DIVARTY's three direct support battalions, the 25th, 35th, and 40th FA BNs, the 85th FA BN (General Support), and the 43rd AAA BN, DIVARTY was ready to face the Communist threat. Technological advances and doctrinal changes warranted a reorganization on 1 July 1957, transforming DIVARTY to consist of the 2nd BNs, 7th and 9th FA in the new Pentomic force structure. 2-7 FA provided direct support to the Division’s battle groups, while 2-9 FA provided a nuclear capability. By 1958, the Division returned to the US and was inactivated on 14 June 1958.
DIVARTY was reactivated on 2 May 1987, following the Division’s reactivation in February 1985. By September 1988, DIVARTY consisted of the 1st and 2nd BNs, 7th FA and 10th TAD, and Battery E. By the mid-1990s, DIVARTY had played large roles in operations in Southern Florida, Somalia, and Haiti. 1996 saw an Army wide reflagging, replacing the 1st and 2nd BNs, 7th FA with the 3rd BN, 6th FA and the 2nd BN, 15th FA. By the new millennium, DIVARTY Soldiers had conducted additional operations in Honduras, Germany, the Sinai Peninsula, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Macedonia.
The terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001 saw DIVARTY Soldiers deploying in October in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. In March 2003, they took part in Operation Iraqi Freedom in northern Iraq. Deployments by DIVARTY Soldiers continued worldwide until DIVARTY was inactivated on 6 August 2004, as part of the Modular Force restructuring. 2-7 FA and 10th TAD inactivated as well and the 4th BN, 25th FA was activated. DIVARTY’s inactivation shifted the responsibility of providing fires and maintaining the tradition of the field artillery in the 10th Mountain Division to the individual battalions as they joined their respective Brigade Combat Teams; 3-6 FA (1BCT), 2-15 FA (2BCT), 4-25 FA (3BCT) and on 16 January 2005, the 5th BN, 25th FA (4BCT). Army wide force reductions saw 4-25 FA inactivated on 14 August 2014.
Written and researched by Doug Schmidt with special thanks to the 10th Mountain Division Resource Center, Denver Public Library, Denver, CO, 10th Mountain Division and Fort Drum Museum and the National Association of the 10th Mountain Division, Inc.