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Geographic Information Systems Program


Natural Resources
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program

Branch Programs:

 Fish and Wildlife Management Program Forest Management Program
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program   National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Program
Wetlands Management Program   

ITAM Programs:

 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program Land Condition Trend Analysis (LCTA) Program
Land Rehabilitation and Maintenance (LRAM) Program   

Go to the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program’s Frequently Asked Questions

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program

(315) 772-4852

The GIS (Geographic Information System) Program, a component of the Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) Program, provides decision support and long-term planning/design guidelines for the program managers in the Environmental and Natural/Cultural Resources Branch, the Engineering Division in PW, and DPTMSEC/ Range Division. A GIS is a computer system that holds and uses spatial data or data describing features on the earth's surface. As a data management program, a GIS allows users to manipulate, analyze and present geographical data in the form of maps or reports.

Common GIS requests include acreage reports and maps. Maps can be output at any scale with a variety of colors, symbols and line styles to maximize the information displayed.

A GIS is composed of three components: data, human resources, and hardware and software. Available GIS data include the installation and its training area boundaries, road systems, topography, geology, soils, hydrology, vegetation, wetlands, and legally recognized cultural resource sites. These data are used to protect Fort Drum's environment and preserve its natural and cultural resources. To accomplish this the GIS program, with the knowledge and expertise of the Environmental Division staff, uses ESRI (Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.) software, namely, Arc/Info, ArcGrid, ArcTin and ArcView. Our software runs on NT and UNIX platforms.

Spatial data are stored as themes based on locations or attributes. Single or multiple themes can be analyzed and/or displayed. Typical analyses include:

Click here to obtain a Geographic Information System (GIS) Request form.
Location and identification of features based on known characteristics

    * We can locate all the features within a specific geographic area or based on information stored in a database. For example, we can create a display of all the roads within a specific training area or a map of all the loamy soils on post.

Calculate distance or surface area

    * The GIS has tools to determine the distance between any two features and the surface area of two-dimensional features. For example, we can determine the acreage of deciduous forest in Training Area 19.

Proximity and overlay analysis

    * The GIS Program has tools that create new layers based on offsets from features in existing layers or the association of two or more existing layers in many different ways. Mathematical operations can be performed on themes to create new ones. For example, we can identify areas to establish monitoring points that are within a specific habitat and at a minimum distance from all other monitoring points.

Neighborhood analysis

    * The GIS has tools for analyzing spatial data based on neighboring features or groups of features. This analysis will create new themes that contain statistics about the grouped features. For example, we are able to depict the range or variety of vegetation community types in a given area.



Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Frequently Asked Questions

The following list contains answers to questions that the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program has received. You may click on any of the questions listed below to find the answer. If you do not find an answer to your question please call the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program Manager at (315) 772-4852.

    * What is a Geographic Information Systems (GIS)?
    * How does a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) work?
    * What does the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program offer?
    * How do I request Geographic Information Systems (GIS) service?

Q: What is a Geographic Information Systems (GIS)?

A: A Geographic Information System is a system of hardware and software used for storage, retrieval, mapping, and analysis of geographic data.

Q: How does a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) work?

A: A GIS uses digital geographic data to report on or make new data. Some forms of geographic data include digitized maps, field survey data, aerial photographs, and satellite imagery.

Q: What does the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Program offer?

A: We provide maps, spatial analysis support, and digital products.

Q: How do I request Geographic Information Systems (GIS) service?

A: Contact the Environmental Natural Resources Branch at (315) 772-5971. For a non-conventional or a very specific GIS Request Form click here.