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Installation Restoration Program


Installation Restoration Program (IRP)
(315) 772-4211/ 7178

Environmental restoration work at Fort Drum is completed under a process known as the Installation Restoration Program (IRP). The Department of Defense (DOD) developed the IRP to identify, evaluate, and clean up contamination from past operations on military bases worldwide. The IRP is designed to ensure DOD compliance with federal and state regulations that protect the environment, while still allowing the military to carry out missions important to national defense.

Between 1908, when military training first took place on 10,000 acres in the Pine Barrens along the Black River, and 1980, when the Installation Restoration Program was started, military training and construction activities at Fort Drum resulted in a variety of contaminated sites. Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) containing petroleum products in motor pool areas and fuel dispensing stations leaked from breaks in the piping or tank walls. Materials in landfills contaminated ground water. Pesticides, battery acid and other hazardous materials leaked from storage areas.


At the start of the Installation Restoration Program approximately 72 of these "areas of concern" were identified. Today, IRP work is focused on 14 active sites. The other 61 sites have been classified as needing No Further Action (NFA) or have been cleaned up and are awaiting final closure pending New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) review. Of the 14 active IRP sites, six are being monitored to determine if additional remediation is required, three have final treatment systems in place, two have proposed final remedies and three have remedies under evaluation.

Installation Restoration Program (IRP)


Frequently Asked Questions

The following list contains answers to questions that the Installation Restoration Program has received. You may click on any of the questions listed below to find the answer. If you do not find an answer to your question please call the Installation Restoration Program (IRP) Manager at (315) 772-7178.

  • What is the Installation Restoration Program (IRP)?
  • How has the IRP been implemented at Fort Drum?
  • What is the plan for cleaning up the remaining active IRP sites at Fort Drum?


Q: What is the Installation Restoration Program (IRP)?

A: The Installation Restoration Program (IRP) was developed by the Department of Defense (DOD) to identify, evaluate, and clean up contamination from past operations on military bases worldwide. The IRP is designed to ensure DOD compliance with federal and state environmental regulations, while still allowing the military to carry out missions important to national defense.


Q: How has the IRP been implemented at Fort Drum?

A: At the start of the program at Fort Drum in the 1980's approximately 72 "Areas of Concern" were identified. Typical sites included petroleum fueling and storage areas, sanitary landfills and waste dumps, pesticide and hazardous waste storage sites, and vehicle and equipment maintenance facilities. Currently there are 14 active sites at Fort Drum. The other sites have been classified as needing No Further Action (NFA) following more detailed site investigations, or the sites have been remediated (cleaned up) and are awaiting final, formal closure by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC), the agency that has primary regulatory authority for the Fort Drum sites. Fort Drum's Installation Action Plan, which is updated annually, outlines a comprehensive, installation-wide approach, including anticipated costs and schedules, for completing the remedial actions required at the Installation.


Q: What is the plan for cleaning up the remaining active IRP sites at Fort Drum?

A: There are 14 active IRP sites at Fort Drum. These are sites that require additional action prior to final closure. At six of these sites (Airfield Sanitary Landfill, Gasoline Alley Area 1295, Building T-91, New Jersey National Guard settling pond, Building T-4006 underground storage tanks, and training site petroleum contamination near Range 17), the only planned remaining action is long-term monitoring. At three sites (Gasoline Alley Areas 1395 and 1495, and Building P-2140 underground storage tanks) the expected final remedies are in-place, and the treatment systems will be operated until the sites meet clean-up standards. At two sites (Gasoline Alley Areas 1595 and 1795) draft plans (Corrective Measure Studies) evaluating remedial alternatives and recommending a final remedial action have been completed and submitted to NYSDEC for review and approval. At two sites (Gasoline Alley Area 3805 and Old Sanitary Landfill) a draft plan of action (CMS) is currently being developed for submittal to NYSDEC. In addition, at Gasoline Alley Area 3805, a large-scale remedial system to address the areas of greatest contamination is currently being constructed. At the last site (Building T-1245 underground storage tanks) remedial investigations are continuing. At all the remaining active sites, final remedial actions will be completed by September 30, 2008 at the latest. Operation of these remedial systems will continue into the future until the sites are cleaned up in compliance with NYSDEC regulations. In some cases, landfills for example, long-term monitoring of the sites is expected to continue for up to 30 years.