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Installation Restoration Program


Installation Restoration Program (IRP)
(315) 772-6312

Environmental restoration work at Fort Drum is completed under a process known as the Installation Restoration Program (IRP). The Department of Defense (DOD) developed the IRP to identify, evaluate, and clean up contamination from past operations on military bases worldwide. The IRP is designed to ensure DOD compliance with federal and state regulations that protect the environment, while still allowing the military to carry out missions important to national defense.

Between 1908, when military training first took place on 10,000 acres in the Pine Barrens along the Black River, and 1980, when the Installation Restoration Program was started, military training and construction activities at Fort Drum resulted in a variety of contaminated sites. Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) containing petroleum products in motor pool areas and fuel dispensing stations leaked from breaks in the piping or tank walls. Materials in landfills contaminated ground water. Pesticides, battery acid and other hazardous materials leaked from storage areas.

At the start of the Installation Restoration Program approximately 72 of these "areas of concern" were identified. Today, IRP work is focused on 9 active sites. The other sites have been classified as needing No Further Action (NFA) or have been cleaned up and are awaiting final closure pending New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) review.

Installation Restoration Program (IRP)

Frequently Asked Questions

The following list contains answers to questions that the Installation Restoration Program has received. You may click on any of the questions listed below to find the answer. If you do not find an answer to your question please call the Installation Restoration Program (IRP) Manager at (315) 772-6312.

  • What is the Installation Restoration Program (IRP)?
  • How has the IRP been implemented at Fort Drum?
  • What is the plan for cleaning up the remaining active IRP sites at Fort Drum?


Q: What is the Installation Restoration Program (IRP)?

A: The Installation Restoration Program (IRP) was developed by the Department of Defense (DOD) to identify, evaluate, and clean up contamination from past operations on military bases worldwide. The IRP is designed to ensure DOD compliance with federal and state environmental regulations, while still allowing the military to carry out missions important to national defense.


Q: How has the IRP been implemented at Fort Drum?

A: At the start of the program at Fort Drum in the 1980's approximately 72 "Areas of Concern" were identified. Typical sites included petroleum fueling and storage areas, sanitary landfills and waste dumps, pesticide and hazardous waste storage sites, and vehicle and equipment maintenance facilities. Currently there are 9 active sites at Fort Drum. The other sites have been classified as needing No Further Action (NFA) following more detailed site investigations, or the sites have been remediated (cleaned up) and are awaiting final, formal closure by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC), the agency that has primary regulatory authority for the Fort Drum sites. Fort Drum's Installation Action Plan, which is updated annually, outlines a comprehensive, installation-wide approach, including anticipated costs and schedules, for completing the remedial actions required at the Installation.


Q: What is the plan for cleaning up the remaining active IRP sites at Fort Drum?

A: There are 9 active IRP sites at Fort Drum. There are sites that require additional action prior to final closure. At two of these sites (Airfield Sanitary Landfill and Old Sanitary Landfill) the only planned remaining action is long-term monitoring. At the remaining seven sites (Gasoline Alley Areas 1295, 1595, 1700, 1795, 3805; P-2140 Gas Station; and NYS Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Site) the final remedies are in-place, and the treatment systems will be operated until the sites meet clean-up standards. Operation of these remedial systems will continue into the future until the sites are cleaned up in compliance with NYSDEC regulations. In some cases, landfills for example, long-term monitoring of the sites is expected to continue for up to 30 years.